Kurt Hemmer is the editor of the Encyclopedia of Beat Literature (Facts On File, 2007) and a Professor of English at Harper College. With filmmaker Tom Knoff, he produced several award-winning films: Janine Pommy Vega: As We Cover the Streets, Rebel Roar: The Sound of Michael McClure, Wow! Ted Joans Lives!, Keenan, and Love Janine Pommy Vega. His essay “’The natives are getting uppity’: Tangier and Naked Lunch” appears in Naked Lunch@50: Anniversary Essays. In A History of California Literature (Cambridge UP, 2015) he provided the essay on the Beats.